Biodiversity conservation refers to the protection, restoration, and management of natural ecosystems and species diversity to maintain and enhance biodiversity. Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth, including the diversity of species, genetic diversity within species, and the diversity of ecosystems and habitats.
Biodiversity conservation aims to maintain the functioning of natural ecosystems and the services they provide, such as clean air and water, soil fertility, climate regulation, and the production of food, fiber, and medicine. Biodiversity conservation is also important for its intrinsic value and cultural significance.
Biodiversity is threatened by a range of factors, such as habitat destruction, overexploitation of resources, pollution, invasive species, and climate change. Biodiversity conservation efforts therefore involve a range of strategies, such as:
Biodiversity conservation requires a collaborative effort involving governments, NGOs, local communities, and other stakeholders. Many international agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, have been established to promote biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of resources.